Female Hormones

Millions of women are affected by hormone changes throughout their lives, however after 40 these fluctuations can cause very serious symptoms. They can include:

Fatigue & Exhaustion
Mood Swings / Depression

Weight Gain

During the menopause abdominal fat usually increases - this is commonly known as 'middle age spread'. Medical experts believe it is due to an increase in the levels of free testosterone, brought about by reduced oestrogen production.

Increased Stress

The stress hormones are finely tuned to allow your body to cope with day to day stress. Alterations in the ratio of progesterone to oestrogen can cause this intricate balancing act to go off kilter leaving your body more susceptible to increased stress.

Fatigue & Exhaustion

Fatigue - the feeling of complete exhaustion or a total lack of energy is a common problem during the menopause. Often there seems to be no rhyme or reason for these variable bouts of fatigue but they are typically due to extremely low levels of oestrogen.

Mood Swings / Depression

Many women experience mood swings and irritability during the transition to menopause some more extreme than others. These are mostly due to fluctuating ovarian hormones which can be exacerbated by stressful situations and disrupted sleep.

Brain Fog

Forgetfulness is a very real problem for some women post menopause. Low levels of oestrogen can be the culprit for poor sleep and mood, which are associated with brain clarity and memory problems.

A large proportion of these symptoms are hormone imbalances that can easily be addressed naturally through simple diet and lifestyle changes.

What are Hormones?

Hormones are often considered to be about Premenstrual syndrome (PMS), pregnancy and menopause. Many, including some doctors, are unaware of the extent to which hormones control us.

There are over 100 identified hormones in the body and each one has a job to do. They essentially act as a communication system dictating how we feel, think, eat, move, metabolize, digest, sleep and function.

The endocrine system – how hormones work

Hormones are made in the endocrine glands and travel around in our blood. Some hormones are general and act on nearly every cell, like the those produced by the thyroid gland, others have very specific roles like aldosterone, which acts on the kidney to retain water.

Amchara Endocrine System

What Our Hormones Do!

  • Control your heartbeat, breathing & blood pressure
  • Allow you to sleep at night & wake in the morning
  • Control your hunger, metabolism & growth
  • Determine your masculine & feminine traits, & reproductive function
  • Build bone, repair skin & muscle
  • Regulate fat stores
  • Control your energy levels, mood & stress resilience
  • Regulate brain activity - thinking, memory, focus, mood
  • Control blood sugar levels & stimulate your immune system
  • Lessen pain & make you happy

The Essentials of Hormone Balance

Stress & Sleep
Nutrition & Supplements
Genetics & Epigenetics

Stress & Sleep

Prolonged stress can lead to an excess of stress hormones and constantly fluctuating blood sugar levels which disrupts the function of the adrenal glands and may result in insulin resistance, poor thyroid function, weight gain, poor digestion and sleep problems.


The liver is our main detoxifying organ - if it is overloaded with toxins like alcohol, drugs, caffeine and chemicals in foods it may not cope with the demand. Oestrogen has to be metabolised by the liver and excreted in bile. If the liver is not functioning efficiently oestrogen levels in the blood may remain relatively high which leads to hormone imbalances.

Nutrition & Supplements

Refined carbohydrates (sugary foods) can upset blood sugar balance and promote insulin resistance leading to fat storage and increased risk of diabetes. Trans-fats (processed foods) can promote inflammation and oxidative stress, which can increase cortisol and suppress thyroid and sex hormones.

Genetics & Epigenetics

Your genetic make-up may pre-dispose you to certain hormonally related conditions such as early menopause or low thyroid function; however epigenetics can turn genes on or off affecting hormone balance. Environmental factors can influence your epigenetics.


Prescribed medications such as HRT can have a positive effect on hormone balance but aren't necessarily right for everyone. Bio-identical hormones sourced from plant substances may have a gentler effect on hormone balance with fewer side effects. Other prescribed drugs such as steroids can disrupt the normal production of hormones in the body.

Other factors also impact on our hormones include:



Whilst there are considerable hormonal changes that occur during puberty and the childbearing years - the menopause and post menopause seem to be the most problematic due to fluctuating levels of oestrogen and progesterone. This life stage can be extremely challenging for some women.


Toxins and chemicals in our air, food, water and household products can interfere with hormone function. These chemicals are called Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals and have been shown to disrupt our own hormones by mimicking oestrogen and damaging mitochondria- the energy generating powerhouses in our cells.


A poor diet, smoking, reliance on stimulants and junk food can lead to nutrient deficiencies and can overburden the liver. This will affect hormone production and the livers ability to eliminate hormones contributing to imbalances. Lack of exercise can affect how your body responds to stress which may also affect hormone balance.
Learn more about the 5 essentials

There are 5-key essentials to balanced hormones and the good news is, that they can all be improved. The key is to get the right health advice for you. There is a lot of generic advice but the truth is no two snowflakes are the same and no two people are the same.

Female Hormones

The essentials of hormone imbalance

The 5 Key Essentials

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